Hilary Tann – my close friend and collaborator, who died unexpectedly on 8 February 2023, aged 75 – was a prolific composer whose imaginative catalogue was shaped by her formative years in Wales, her adoptive home in America, and her cultural affinity with Japan. Renowned for her fastidious craftsmanship and mastery of counterpoint, she produced lyrical music of great integrity to express the synaesthesia that she experienced directly in nature and through the condensed energy of poetry.
“I write for the pleasure of the performers and listeners,” she said, “and a glance at my titles reveals my joy in simply being alive in this wondrous green world.” Invited to become a house composer by Oxford University Press in 1989, she worked almost exclusively to commission from international promoters and performers. Her scores have been widely recorded, including several solo discs of orchestral, chamber, choral, and vocal music.
Hilary Tann’s Welshness did not stem from traditional sources like folk song, the harp, or the language, but rather from the geology of the landscape and the play of light and weather upon it. Her mind returned repeatedly to the rock formation called Craig Cerrig-gleisiad and the high moorland above her native Ferndale, in the Rhondda. She walked there as a child with her parents, where cotton grass and wildflowers grew among the granite and the mountain came close to the sky.
Here, The Cliffs, The Walls of Morlais Castle, and Light from the Cliffs all emerged from that hallowed landscape. The Cresset Stone and Melangell Variations are rooted in similarly ‘thin places’ at Brecon Cathedral and Pennant Melangell. Welsh writing in English was another essential influence, including that of George Herbert, Dylan Thomas, and Menna Elfyn. She found an ideal echo in the questing faith of RS Thomas, notably in Seven Poems of Stillness for solo cello (her own instrument) and the recorded voice of the poet.
Tann discovered traditional Japanese music through the playing of Ronnie Nyogetsu Seldin, a master of the shakuhachi – or vertical bamboo flute – with whom she studied in New York for seven years. She made three extended visits to Japan, and her compositions responded by assimilating landscaped lines and timbral and temporal contrasts. From Afar and Shakkei (‘borrowed scenery’ in garden design) were especially well received, with performances in Europe, Asia, and North and South America.
She also spent time in China, South Korea, and Thailand, and inscribed The Open Field: ‘In memoriam Tiananmen Square (June 1989)’ when that tragedy unfolded as she completed her score. A highly-regarded haiku poet and a founding member of the Route 9 Haiku Group at the Dim Sum Restaurant in Halfmoon, she co-chaired the Haiku North American Conference that attracted a hundred delegates to upstate New York in 2015. She appreciated how haiku kept her in the moment, whereas composition always required her to plan ahead, and would call her office answering machine to report a poem.
Key works that confirmed Hilary Tann as a transatlantic as well as an exiled composer were Adirondack Light, Nothing Forgotten, and Some of the Silence. She never felt entirely at ease in America, until she realised that the lives of the men in the logging industry paralleled those of the miners in the south Wales coalfield. This meant that she could bring her Welshness to that area and it would feel at home.
She enjoyed hiking and canoeing to remote locations in the Adirondack Mountains to prepare for her compositions. She immersed herself in the Woodswoman novels of the ecologist Anne LaBastille, incorporating snippets into her scores of traditional songs collected by George and Vaughn Ward.
A pioneer of composition
Other multi-movement works responded more directly to the stimulus of words or pictures: In the Theater of Air, seven sound-images of birds in flight after the poetry of Mary Oliver, and her string quartet, And the Snow Did Lie, which interprets ten lithographs by André Bergeron. The critic Joseph Dalton praised the idiom of the quartet as “shimmering and weightless … atmospheric and immersive”, indicative of “the grounded spiritual ecstasy that is Tann’s distinctive musical outlook”.
Hilary Tann began composing at the age of six. She was the first woman to gain a First Class Honours degree in composition from Cardiff, and the third to take a doctorate at Princeton, studying with Alun Hoddinott, JK Randall, and Milton Babbitt.
She always intended to return to Wales, but America gradually became home as she worked her way up the Hudson through teaching appointments to Bard College, Annandale (1977–1980), Williams College, Williamstown (1979), and Union College, Schenectady (1980–2019). At the latter she chaired the Department of Performing Arts, lectured in composition and theory, and retired as the John Howard Payne Professor of Music Emerita.
A board member of the International League of Women Composers (1982–1995), and composer-in-residence at the Eastman School of Music Women in Music Festival (2011) and Women Composers Festival of Hartford (2013), her music has been performed at Carnegie Hall, the Pan-American Games, the North American Festival of Wales, BBC Hoddinott Hall, and the Last Night of the Welsh Proms at St David’s Hall in Cardiff.
Hilary Tann: a radiant charm
Students and colleagues of Hilary Tann have expressed their profound sadness at the premature loss of a beloved and generous mentor and a singular personality of radiant charm. She bequeathed her archive to the National Library of Wales at Aberystwyth, and was buried in Ferndale following a Memorial Service at St Gwynno’s Church, Llanwonno, on 19 May 2023.
hillside cemetery all gravestones face the view
Performances of music by Hilary Tann have already been announced for Carnegie Hall (16 January), Bangor Music Festival (17 February), National Library of Wales (7 March), the Great Hall, Aberystwyth Arts Centre (23 March), and elsewhere in the world. Full information about her catalogue and discography is available online.
An earlier version of this tribute has appeared in Wales Arts Review, The Times, and Ninnau: The North American Welsh Newspaper.